The Golden Age of Science Fiction

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The Golden Age of Science Fiction

THE GOLDEN AGE (the Fifties to early Sixties) of Sci-Fi:

1950: Doubleday begins to publish SF; first Midwestcon (later called Relaxicon);

Sixth Fandom starts; Australian Science Fiction Society launches;
magazines Galaxy Science Fiction and Fantastic Story Quarterly launched;

NOVELs The Dying Earth by Jack Vance; Pebble in the Sky by Isaac Asimov
Collection I,Robot by Isaac Asimov, which popularized the 3 Laws of Robotics;
NOVEL First Lensman by E.E. Smith and Collection The Martian Chronicles by Ray Bradbury
in novel/collection The Voyage of the Space Beagle, A.E.van Vogt
coins the term 'Nexialism'- a scientific/mental discipline (this comprises
4 previous stories by van Vogt,probably an influence on Alien-type films)

stories: "Scanners Live in Vain" first by Cordwainer Smith; "Trespass" first by Gordon R. Dickson
"Isolationist" first by Mack Reynolds; "Born of Man and Woman" first by Richard Matheson

non-fiction "Dianetics-the Evolution of a Science" by L. Ron Hubbard (who launches Dianetics)

FILMs Destination Moon-see it HERE!; Rocketship X-M;see it HERE
The Flying Saucer; Two Lost Worlds; Prehistoric Women

and the serial Flying Disc Man From Mars not to mention the 2nd Superman serial, Atom Man vs. Superman

TV Space Patrol and Tom Corbett,Space Cadet begin their patrol of space for 5 years

RADIO Dimension X begins broadcasts for a year-and-a-half, 50 episodes, on NBC

COMIX Weird Science & Weird Fantasy begin from EC Comics (William Gaines & Wally Wood)
and Marvel Boy #1,the hero from Uranus,debuts at Timely Comics (future Marvel Comics)
also Strange Adventures #1 from National (DC) adapts film Destination Moon
and 1990s hero Dan Dare premieres in the British weekly comic strip magazine, Eagle


1951: FILMs The Day the Earth Stood Still by Robert Wise; When Worlds Collide; The Thing;
_____ The Man From Planet X; Flight to Mars; Five; Unknown World; The Lost Continent
_____ and Superman and the Mole Men precedes the Superman TV series by a year

_____ TV Tales of Tomorrow, an anthology series, adapts various famous stories for 5 years
_____ and Stranger From Space, about a Martian boy visitor, lasts 17 episodes from BBC

_____ CARDs Jets, Rockets, and Spacemen - a 108-Card set from Bowman

_____ NOVELs The Puppet Masters; Idea   Between Planets and  Idea  Universe by Robert Heinlein
_____ Foundation by Isaac Asimov, first in trilogy; Grey Lensman by E.E.'Doc' Smith
_____ also The Disappearance by Philip Wylie; The Day of the Triffids by John Wyndham
_____ collection Seetee Ship by Jack Williamson features an early mention of "antimatter."

_____ stories "Rock Diver" first by Harry Harrison; "The Devil, You Say?" first by Charles Beaumont
_____ "Sentinel of Eternity" by Arthur C. Clarke; "You'll Never go Home Again" by Clifford D. Simak

_____ COMIX Captain Comet debuts in Strange Adventures #9 (National/DC);
_____ also Space Squadron #1 and Space Worlds from Atlas Comics
_____ and Mystery in Space #1,also National/DC, lasts for 110 issues,to 1966


1952: FILM Red Planet Mars; King Kong (1933) is re-released to great success.
_____ the serials Radar Men From the Moon and Zombies of the Stratosphere

_____ TV The Adventures of Superman begin a 6-year run, until George Reeves' death;

_____ NOVEL The Rolling Stones by Robert Heinlein;
_____ also NOVELs Foundation and Empire by Asimov; City by Clifford D. Simak
_____ story "The Lovers" by Philip Jose Farmer introduces a new frankness in sex to sci-fi
_____ magazine If is launched (sub-titled Worlds of Science Fiction); lasts until 1974

_____ COMIX Journey Into Mystery #1 from Atlas Comics (formerly Timely,later Marvel);
_____ also Adventures Into Weird Worlds (Atlas); Space Adventures #1, Charlton


1953: the first Hugo Award (for Hugo Gernsback); the term "SF" is popularized

_____ NOVELs Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury; More Than Human by Theodore Sturgeon
_____ also The Demolished Man by Alfred Bester; Childhood's End by Arthur C.Clarke

____ FILMs War of the Worlds;Invaders From Mars; It Came From Outer Space; Spaceways;
____ The Beast From 20,000 Fathoms;Robot Monster;Four-Sided Triangle;Donovan's Brain;
_____ The Twonky; The Magnetic Monster and you can watch Phantom From Space
_____ COMIX Speed Carter,Spaceman#1, from Atlas Comics
_____ magazine Fantastic Universe is launched; lasts until 1960

_____ TV  Space Command, an early Canadian show, lasts for one year; also
_____ The Quatermass Experiment, a 6-episode serial, airs on British BBC TV - later a film


1954: FILMs THEM!; Creature From the Black Lagoon; Tobor the Great; Gojira (Japan)
_____ Target Earth!; 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea; Killers From Space>see it HERE

_____ TV Rocky Jones, Space Ranger premieres and lasts for two years
_____ as well as Captain Midnight, a.k.a. Jet Jackson, also lasting for two years
_____ a version of Nineteen Eighty-Four (aka 1984) airs twice on British television
_____ The Vampira Show is an early hosted showing of genre movies,setting the pattern

_____ RADIO version of The Day the Earth Stood Still from Hollywood Radio Theater
_____ The Lost Planet and Return to the Lost Planet on British children's radio
_____ Forrest J Ackerman coins the term "sci-fi" after hearing the word ' hi-fi ' on the radio

_____ NOVELs Mission of Gravity by Hal Clement; The Star Beast by Robert Heinlein;
_____  Brain Wave by Poul Anderson; The Caves of Steel by Asimov; I am Legend by R.Matheson
_____ non-fiction Handbook of Science Fiction and Fantasy by Donald Tuck and
_____ The Immortal Storm (reprinted '74 Hyperion books) by Sam Moskowitz-his best-known work

_____ COMIX Weird Science & Weird Fantasy combined into Weird Science-Fantasy(#23),EC


1955: FILMs This Island Earth; Conquest of Space; Devil Girl From Mars;
_____ The Quatermass Xperiment a.k.a. The Creeping Unknown; Kiss me Deadly;
_____ It Came From Beneath the Sea by Ray Harryhausen; Tarantula; King Dinosaur
_____ and click the title to watch The Phantom From 10,000 Leagues

_____ TV Science Fiction Theatre,anthology series,starts for 2 years;Quatermass II on BBC

_____ RADIO X Minus One begins broadcasts for 3 years on NBC,following up Dimension X series

_____ NOVELs Tunnel in the Sky by Robert Heinlein; Earthman,Come Home by James Blish
_____ The End of Eternity by Isaac Asimov; The Chrysalids by John Wyndham
_____ magazine Infinity Science Fiction is launched but lasts only 3 years (or 20 issues)

_____ COMIX Incredible Science Fiction is new title,changed from Weird Science-Fantasy,EC
_____ with Forbidden Worlds #35,comic switches to more sci-fi stories,American Comics Group
_____ and J'onn J'onzz, Manhunter from Mars, debuts in Detective Comics #225 (National/DC)


1956: FILMs Forbidden Planet; Invasion of the Body Snatchers; Earth vs.The Flying Saucers;
_____ X the Unknown; Timeslip a.k.a.The Atomic Man; 1984; Rodan; The Gamma People;
__ The Day the World Ended; World Without End; It Conquered the World; The Mole People
_____ and the immortal The Indestructible Man, which you can watch by clicking the title

_____ NOVELs Double Star and  Idea  Time For the Stars by Robert Heinlein; The Death of Grass by John Christopher
_____ also The Stars My Destination; Tiger!Tiger! by Alfred Bester;
_____ nonfiction In Search of Wonder collection by Damon Knight (2nd edition in '67)

_____ COMIX The new Flash, in Showcase#4 (National/DC); World of Fantasy #1 (Atlas)
_____ and Mysteries of Unexplored Worlds #1, Charlton Comics, lasts 48 issues


1957: FILMs The Incredible Shrinking Man; Amazing Colossal Man; 20 Million Miles to Earth;
_____ The Deadly Mantis; The Black Scorpion; The Beginning of the End; The 27th Day
_____ Quatermass II a.k.a. Enemy From Space; The Mysterians; Curse of Frankenstein

_____ TV Shock Theater-collection of 52 classic films from Universal released to TV
_____ host John K. Zacherle appeared billed as "Roland" - later changed name to "Zacherley"

_____ NOVELs The Door Into Summer and  Idea  Citizen of the Galaxy by Heinlein
_____ also The Green Odyssey by Philip Jose Farmer; Big Planet by Jack Vance
_____ and The Midwich Cuckoos by John Wyndham; The Cosmic Puppets by Philip K. D ick

_____ magazine Saturn is launched (changed to a detective magazine a year later); also,
_____ Venture Science Fiction Magazine launched, but lasts only a year

_____ COMIX Challengers of the Unknown debut in Showcase #6 (National/DC)


1958: FILMs The Fly; It!The Terror From Beyond Space; The Blob; The Space Children;
_____ The Colossus of New York; Attack of the Puppet People; Attack of the 50-foot Woman
_____ I Married a Monster From Outer Space; The H-Man; Fiend Without a Face
_____ and click title to watch The Day the Sky Exploded

_____ TV Quatermass and the Pit airs as a 6-episode serial on the BBC while
_____ The Invisible Man from UK ITP airs 26 episodes for a period of one year

_____ NOVELs Methuselah's Children and Idea  Have Space Suit-Will Travel by Heinlein
_____ and Non-Stop (later named Starship) by Brian W.Aldiss (early generation-starship)

_____ magazine Famous Monsters of Filmland launched, editor Forrest J Ackerman

_____ The British Science Fiction Association founded by group of sf fans,authors & publishers

_____ COMIX Strange Worlds #1 (Atlas Comics); Sky Masters of the Space Force comic strip
_____ The Legion of Super-Heroes, from the 30th century, in Adventure Comics#247 (DC)
_____ and Adam Strange debuts, Showcase #17 (National/DC) and Space Ranger too!


1959: NOVELs Starship Troopers by Robert Heinlein; The Sirens of Titan by Kurt Vonnegut Jr.

_____ TV The Twilight Zone from Rod Serling begins a 5-year run of 151 episodes

_____ FILMs The World,the Flesh and the Devil; On the Beach; Plan 9 From Outer Space;
_____ Killer Shrews>see it HERE;  The Cosmic Man; Journey to the Center of the Earth
_____ The GIANT Gila Monster > see it HERE: The Giant Gila Monster; the 4-D Man
_____ and you can watch:Teenage Zombies; Teenagers From Outer Space; The Manster

_____ COMIX Tales of Suspense #1 & Tales to Astonish #1 (Atlas Comics)
_____ new Green Lantern debuts in Showcase #22 (National/DC); Space War#1 (Charlton)

_____ First Fandom established after a group of experienced sf fans meet at Midwestcon


1960: FILMs The Time Machine; Village of the Damned; 12 to the Moon; The Lost World;
_____ Angry Red Planet; Beyond the Time Barrier; Dinosaurus!; The Atomic Submarine
_____ and click titles to watch The Last Woman on Earth; The Amazing Transparent Man
_____ as well as Warning From Space, First Spaceship on Venus and The Wasp Woman

_____ TV the British Pathfinder series: Pathfinders in Space; Pathfinders to Mars, etc.

_____ NOVELs A Canticle For Leibowitz by Walter M. Miller Jr.; Venus Plus X by Theo Sturgeon
_____ the 1st Deathworld from Harry Harrison; nonfiction New Maps of Hell by Kingsley Amis

_____ COMIX The Atomic Knights debut in Strange Adventures #117 (National/DC);
_____ Captain Atom debuts in Space Adventures #33 (Charlton Comics)
_____ and Unknown Worlds #1 from American Comics Group lasts for 57 issues/8 years


1961: NOVEL Stranger in a Strange Land by Robert Heinlein; magazine Spacemen launched
_____ The Stainless Steel Rat by Harry Harrison is first in a series of over a dozen books
_____ Perry Rhodan begins from Germany; intended as 30 volumes,it passed 2500 in 2009

_____ COMIX Amazing Adventures #1 (Atlas) changes name to Amazing Adult Fantasy with#7
_____  The Fantastic Four (FF #1) by Stan Lee & Jack Kirby begins the Marvel Comics Age
_____ and the new(Silver Age)  Atom debuts in Showcase#34, DC, Gil Kane & Murphy Anderson
_____ the 1st issue of fanzine Alter Ego (1st true comics fanzine?), by Roy Thomas and Jerry Bails

_____ FILMs Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea; Mysterious Island; Master of the World;
_____ Gorgo; Konga; The Day the Earth Caught Fire; The Phantom Planet; The Damned
_____ and you can watch one of the above films, by clicking HERE; The Beast of Yucca Flats

_____ TV A for Andromeda airs as a 7-episode serial on BBC; novel sequel(Breakthrough) in 1964
_____ and Supercar - 39 episodes from Gerry Anderson ushers in the era of supermarionation!


1962: COMIX The Incredible Hulk and Spider-Man debut, from Marvel Comics, Stan Lee & Steve Ditko
_____ and a man shrinks himself in Tales to Astonish #27,then in costume as Ant-Man in #35
____ also Dr.Solar,Man of the Atom#1 (Gold Key Comics), Barbarella debuts in French comic strip,
_____ The Metal Men, a new style of robots, are introduced in Showcase #37 (DC)
_____ The Twilight Zone comic book from Gold Key begins a 92-issue run: The T-Zone!
_____ and Space Family Robinson #1 from Gold Key,for 36 issues,changes to Lost in Space#37

_____ CARDs Mars Attacks set released by Topps,inspired by EC Comics Weird Science#16

_____ FILMs Journey to the Seventh Planet; Panic in Year Zero; Creation of the Humanoids
_____ The Brain That Wouldn't Die; King Kong vs. Godzilla features ultimate monster battle
_____ Planet of Storms is a Russian sci-fier whose footage was used in later films (see 1965)
_____ La Jetee uses b&w still images (except 1 scene)-French new-wave director Chris Marker
_____ and Dr. No is the first of many James Bond films, some of which have much sci-fi in 'em
_____ __   ___
_____ TV The Jetsons cartoon debuts for a year; returns in mid-eighties with more episodes
_____ while Fireball XL5 from Gerry Anderson set the standard for sci-fi marionation,39 episodes
_____ and Out of This World-a 13-episode British series of science fiction plays;host:Boris Karloff

_____ NOVELs Hothouse by Brian Aldiss; The Man in the High Castle by Philip K. Dick
_____ A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess; A Wrinkle in Time by Madeleine L’Engle
_____ magazine Castle of Frankenstein is launched

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