The Early Golden Age of Science Fiction

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The Early Golden Age of Science Fiction


1926: NOVELs Metropolis by Fritz Lang & Thea von Harbou;
_____ The Moon Maid by  Edgar Rice Burroughs

_____ Magazine Amazing Stories launched by Hugo Gernsback;

_____  'scientifiction' term in use - this is the early form of the term 'science fiction'

_____ RADIO "Broadcasting the Barricades"
_____ -early version of revolt/invasion trick by a Father Knox


1927: FILM Metropolis by Fritz Lang; NOVEL Deluge by S.Fowler Wright

1928: FILM Alraune by Henrik Galeen, the 2nd German version of the story


1929: COMIX: Buck Rogers in the 25th Century begins as a comic strip

_____ magazines Science Wonder Stories and Air Wonder Stories launched
_____ by Hugo Gernsback (merged into Wonder Stories a year later)

_____ NOVELs The World Below by S.Fowler Wright; The Girl From Mars by Jack Williamson
_____ FILM The Woman in the Moon by Fritz Lang
_____ the term "science fiction" begins to be used in place of 'scientifiction'


1930: NOVELs Last and First Men by Olaf Stapledon; FILM Just Imagine
_____ Gladiator (intro Hugo Danner,possible inspiration for Superman) by Philip Wylie
_____ magazine Astounding Stories is launched
_____ - then continued as Astounding Science Fiction in 1937;
_____  name change to Analog in 1960 (Analog Science Fiction & Fact)

_____ RADIO The Shadow debuts,mysterious narrator of the
_____ Street and Smith radio program Detective Story Hour


1931: FILM Frankenstein by James Whale, starring Boris Karloff as the monster
_____ and Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde - the Fredric March version

_____ stories "The Man Who Evolved" by Edmond Hamilton; "Submicroscopic" by Capt. S.P.Meek
_____ "The World of the Red Sun" by Clifford D. Simak; "The Moon Era" by Jack Williamson

_____ COMIX Dick Tracy the comic strip by Chester Gould begins; Gould works on this until 1977

_____ the term "teleportation" is first coined by American writer Charles Fort


1932: NOVELs Brave New World by Aldous Huxley; Dwellers in the Mirage by Abraham Merritt;
_____ Carson of Venus by Burroughs is serialized in Argosy magazine; book form in 1934
_____ The Savage Gentleman by Philip Wylie, a similar concept to the near-perfect Doc Savage

_____ FILM Island of Lost Souls based on Wells' Island of Dr.Moreau stars Laughton & Lugosi
_____ Doctor X was shown in 2-strip technicolor in some places - rare for the time

_____ FANZINE Time Traveler,1st national sf fanzine,published by Julius Schwartz & Mort Weisinger
_____ (this is replaced by Science Fiction Digest after eight issues)

1933: FILMs King Kong; The Invisible Man by James Whale; Deluge; Son of Kong
_____ (King Kong is the most famous work from FX pioneer Willis O'Brien)

_____ NOVELs When Worlds Collide by Philip Wylie; The Shape of Things to Come by H.G. Wells
_____ story "The Man Who Awoke" by Laurence Manning

_____ magazine Doc Savage Magazine premieres and The Man of Bronze by Lester Dent
_____ introduces quasi-superhuman Doc Savage, preceding perfect human Captain America

_____ COMIX in fanzine Science Fiction#3 by Jerry Siegel & Joe Shuster - "Reign of the Superman"

_____ The Chicago World's Fair, 100 Years of Progress, is held and returns the next year-1934


1934: The first sci-fi fan club, a correspondence club, the Science Fiction League,
_____ established by Hugo Gernsback; COMIX Flash Gordon begins as a comic strip

_____ NOVEL Sequel After Worlds Collide by Philip Wylie and Edwin Balmer
_____ story John Campbell's "The Mightiest Machine" serialization in Astounding Science Fiction
_____ (the story of Arn Munroe, a man from Jupiter, who gains super-strength upon visiting Earth)
_____ "Colossus" by Donald Wandrei; "Sidewise in Time" by Murray Leinster

_____ COMIX the first Superman-like cover by Joe Shuster drawn for Humor Publishing Inc.


1935: FILMs The Bride of Frankenstein by James Whale; Mad Love
_____ NOVEL The Green Child by Herbert Read; Odd John by Olaf Stapledon


1936: FILMs Things to Come; first Flash Gordon Serial; Revolt of the Zombies
_____ The Invisible Ray; serial Undersea Kingdom from Republic
_____ Cosmic Voyage a.k.a. Cosmic Journey/The Space Voyage, a USSR sci-fi film

_____ collection Dawn of Flame by Stanley Weinbaum
_____ The Cometeers by Jack Williamson may have 1st modern use of term "android"
_____ stories "He Who Shrank" by Henry Hasse; "Devolution" by Edmond Hamilton

_____ COMIX Lee Falk's the Phantom begins in newspapers; 1st character to sport super-hero tights  Question
_____ RADIO Fran Striker's The Green Hornet begins on WXYZ radio in Detroit.  


1937: NOVELs Star Maker by Olaf Stapledon; Back to the Stone Age by Edgar Rice Burroughs
_____ and Swastika Night by Katherine Burdekin (as Murray Constantine)
_____ stories "Minus Planet" by John D. Clark; "Past, Present and Future" by Nat Schachner

_____ nonfiction Hammer and Tongs by Clyde F. Beck - first critical work on U.S. sci-fi
_____ John W. Campbell takes over as editor of Astounding Science Fiction magazine
_____ The Futurians group (sf fans & future pros)
_____ spins off from the Greater N.Y.Science Fiction Club

_____ COMIX Futuropolis by Rene Pellos, in Junior, France; Saturno Contro la Terra, Italy

_____ FILM Lost Horizon by Frank Capra; see it HERE > Lost Horizon


1938: RADIO H.G. Wells' War of the Worlds by Orson Welles & Mercury Theatre;
_____ Captain Midnight begins to air, lasting until 1949; Decoder Ring!

_____ story "Who Goes There?" by John Campbell; read it HERE:Who Goes There

_____ COMIX Superman,first super-hero,debuts at National Periodicals in Action Comics#1

_____ NOVEL Out of the Silent Planet by C.S. Lewis

_____ FILM Serial Flash Gordon's Trip to Mars, at 15 episodes


1939: magazines Startling Stories, Planet Stories and Fantastic Adventures are launched; also
_____ The Avenger magazine launches (Street & Smith), introducing another quasi-superhuman

_____ The first World Science Fiction Convention (a.k.a. Worldcon) is held
_____ (Captain Future is created by Mort Weisinger here; in pulp stories from 1940)

_____ NOVEL Carson of Venus by Edgar Rice Burroughs; COMIX Batman debuts at National
_____ COMIX Marvel Comics #1 from Timely debuts The Sub-Mariner & The Human Torch

_____ FILMs Son of Frankenstein stars Boris Karloff, Bela Lugosi AND Basil Rathbone!
_____ and The Return of Doctor X, starring... wait for it... Humphrey Bogart!
_____  Serial Buck Rogers, at 12 episodes; see the '35 version:Buck Rogers '35

_____ Robert Heinlein sells his first short story, "Life-Line" <Future History series begins
_____ A.E.van Vogt sells his first "Black Destroyer" about alien stalking & killing spaceship crew

Arrow COMIX The Flash debuts in late 1939 or Jan. 1940, in Flash Comics#1, DC

1940: FILMs Dr. Cyclops; One Million BC; The Invisible Woman; The Ape
_____  Isaac Asimov & John W. Campbell
_____ develop the Three Laws of Robotics, observed in Robot stories in the forties:

_____ the oldest sf club,
_____ the Los Angeles Science Fantasy Society (LASFS) gels from the Science Fiction League

_____ RADIO Superman begins chasing criminals on the airwaves,lasts a dozen years

_____ COMIX Planet Comics #1 from Fiction House; it lasts for over a decade
_____ and the original Green Lantern debuts in All-American Comics #16 (National/DC)

Arrow _

1941: stories "Nightfall" by Isaac Asimov; "The Sixth Column" by Robert Heinlein
_____ NOVEL Methuselah's Children by Robert Heinlein < Future History series incorporates this

_____ FILMs Mysterious Island, a USSR version; Man Made Monster; The Devil Commands
_____ Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde - the Spencer Tracy version
_____ and the serial Flash Gordon Conquers the Universe < click title to watch it!

_____ COMIX Captain America Comics #1 from Timely Comics, future Marvel Comics


1942: stories "The Weapons Shop" by A.E. van Vogt; "Nerves" by Lester del Rey
_____ "Beyond This Horizon" and short NOVEL Waldo by Robert Heinlein;
_____ NOVEL Donovan's Brain by Curt Siodmak (adapted into films several times)
_____ FILMs The Ghost of Frankenstein - 4th Frankenstein film from Universal
_____ and The Mad Monster, which you can watch by clicking the title


1943: FILM Frankenstein Meets the Wolfman; the 1st Batman serial,at 15 episodes
_____ stories "Mimsy Were the Borogoves" by Kuttner & Moore; "The Proud Robot" by Henry Kuttner

1944: NOVEL Sirius by Olaf Stapledon; story "Killdozer" by Theodore Sturgeon
_____ FILMs House of Frankenstein; The Lady and the Monster (1st version of Donovan's Brain)
_____ and the first-and-only Captain America serial, at 15 chapters

_____ RADIO 2nd version of Orson's War of the Worlds broadcast by tricksters in Santiago,Chile


1945: NOVELs Animal Farm by Orwell; That Hideous Strength by C.S.Lewis
_____ story "First Contact" by Murray Leinster
_____ FILM The Flying Serpent

1946: NOVELs Slan by Van Vogt; The Skylark of Space(as book) by E.E.'Doc' Smith
_____ magazine New Worlds is launched in Britain

Arrow __

1947: non-fiction Pilgrims Through Space and Time by J.O.Bailey
_____ magazine Fantasy Book is launched
_____ NOVELs Rockership Galileo by Robert Heinlein; Consider Her Ways by Frederick Grove
_____ stories "Zero Hour" by Ray Bradbury; "With Folded Hands" by Jack Williamson
_____ COMIX Tommy Tomorrow debuts in Real Fact Comics #6 (National/DC)


1948: NOVELs Space Cadet and Beyond This Horizon (reprinted) by Robert Heinlein
_____ stories "The Lottery" by Shirley Jackson; "That Only a Mother" by Judith Merril
_____ FILMs Unknown Island; Superman, first Serial on character,starring Kirk Alyn
_____ COMIX Adventures Into the Unknown #1 from American Comics Group


1949: NOVELs 1984 by George Orwell; Earth Abides by George R.Stewart
_____ and Four-Sided Triangle by William F. Temple is an early use of the clone concept

_____ magazine The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction is launched
_____ as well as Other Worlds Science Stories (later called Universe)

_____ FILM Mighty Joe Young by Willis O'Brien and a young Ray Harryhausen

_____ TV Captain Video and his Video Rangers begin a 6-year run on TV-its 1st sci-fi show
_____ PLAY H.G. Wells' The Time Machine is effected by the BBC

_____ RADIO yet another version broadcast of War of the Worlds in Ecuador causes major panic

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