The Victorian Age of Science Fiction

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The Victorian Age of Science Fiction




VICTORIAN AGE (19th Century) of Sci-Fi:

1818: NOVEL Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus by Mary Shelley

1820: NOVEL Symzonia by Capt. Adam Seaborn, the Hollow Earth story

1825: NOVEL The Rebellion of the Beasts by anonymous

1826: NOVEL The Last Man by Mary Shelley, about a future, an apocalyptic plague

1827: NOVEL A Voyage to the Moon by George Tucker nee Joseph Atterley
_____ >>>>(1st American sci-fi Question )

1835: story "Hans Phaal" by Edgar Allan Poe, about space flight; also, The New York Sun
_____ newspaper publishes a series of articles by Richard Locke about life on the moon
_____ COMIX The Grey Champion, America's 1st proto super-hero, by Nathaniel Hawthorne,
_____ created and appears in New England Magazine

1836: NOVEL The Mummy!: A Tale of the Twenty-Second Century by Jane Loudon (Webb)
1837: NOVEL The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym by Edgar Allan Poe

1839: NOVEL A Fantastical Excursion into the Planets by anonymous

1842: story "Zanoni" by Edward Bulwer-Lytton
_____ COMIX Wilson & Co. reprints Rudolphe Topfler's The Adventures of Obadiah Oldbuck
_____ (believed to be the first proto-comic book published in America)

1843: story "The Birthmark" by Nathaniel Hawthorne
1844: stories "The Artist of the Beautiful" and "Rappacini's Daughter" by Nathaniel Hawthorne

1845: story The Facts in the Case of M.Valdemar by Edgar Allan Poe

1848: POEM Eureka by Edgar Allan Poe

1851/52: story, "A Voyage in a Balloon" by Jules Verne

1854: story, Star ou Psi de Cassiopée by C.I. DeFontenay
1855: story "The Bell-Tower" by Herman Melville

1858: NOVEL Phantastes by George MacDonald
1859: NOVEL The Air Battle by Hermann Lang

1864: NOVEL A Journey to the Center of the Earth by Jules Verne
_____ (also known as A Journey to the Interior of the Earth)



1865: NOVEL From the Earth to the Moon by Jules Verne

1867: COMIX Spring-Heeled Jack, a 40-part Penny Dreadful begins appearing in London, the
_____ possibly true adventures of man who can walk up walls,leap high into air & fly like a bat

1868: NOVEL The Steam Man of the Prairies by Edward S. Ellis
1869: story "The Brick Moon" by Edward Everett Hale

1870: NOVEL Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea by Jules Verne
_____ also, Verne wrote his sequel (to From the Earth...), Round the Moon

1871: NOVEL The Coming Race by Edward Bulwer-Lytton
1872: NOVEL Erewhon by Samuel Butler; a sequel was published later (...Revisited)

1875: NOVEL The Mysterious Island by Jules Verne

1877: NOVEL Off on a Comet by Jules Verne
___ story"The Man Without a Body" by Edward Page Mitchell, an early matter transmission tale

1878: Luis Senarens,known as the 'American Jules Verne,' begins to write short sci-fi at age 14

1879: stories "A Modern Robe of Nessus" and
_____ "The Great Electric Diaphragm" by Robert Duncan Milne in The Argonaut (S.F.)
_____ (Milne was 're-discovered' by Sam Moskowitz in his books as THE science fiction writer
_____ of old San Francisco - see 1980); other story by Milne:"A New Alchemy",many others

1880: NOVEL Across the Zodiac by Percy Greg

1882: stories "Into the Sun" and "Plucked From the Burning" by Robert Duncan Milne
_____ magazine Argosy launched; first pulp fiction mag

1884: NOVELLA Flatland: A Romance of Many Dimensions by Edwin Abbott

1885: NOVEL After London by Richard Jeffries
_____ story "Professor Vehr's Electrical Experiment" by Robert Duncan Milne

1886: NOVEL L’Eve future (Tomorrow’s Eve) by Philippe Auguste Villiers de l’Isle-Adam
_____ The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson

1887: NOVELs Les Xipehuz by J.H. Rosny aîné; She by H. Rider Haggard
_____ The Frozen Pirate by W. Clark Russell first suggests the concept of cryonics

1888: NOVEL Looking Backward 2000-1887 by Edward Bellamy; also
_____ A Strange Manuscript Found in a Copper Cylinder by James de Mille
_____ magazine Argosy name change to The Argosy

1889: NOVEL A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court by Mark Twain
1890: NOVEL News From Nowhere by William Morris; A Plunge into Space by Robert Cromie

1893: stories "The Advent of the Flying Man" and "A Slip Under the Microscope"
_____ the first ones from H.G. Wells
1894: stories "A Journey in Other Worlds" by John Jacob Astor and
_____ "A Traveler From Altruria" by William Dean Howells
1895: NOVEL The Time Machine by H.G. Wells;
_____ and The Call of the Cosmos by Konstantin Tsiolkovsky
_____ FILM The Mechanical Butcher by Louis Lumiere, a 1-minute film
_____ COMIX Richard F Outcault's The Yellow Kid debuts in the pages of the New York World
_____ and Our Office Boy's Fairy Tales in The Funny Wonder (UK) is a funny 'life on Mars' strip

1896: NOVEL The Island of Dr. Moreau by H.G. Wells
_____ magazine Argosy is redesigned by Frank A. Munsey

1897: NOVELs The Invisible Man by H.G. Wells; Two Planets by Kurd Lasswitz
_____ FILM The Clown and the Automaton by George Méliès,
_____ a 1-minute lost film, features a robot

1898: NOVELs The War of the Worlds by H.G. Wells
____ and Edison's Conquest of Mars by Garrett P. Serviss
____ FILM The Astronomer's Dream/The Man in the Moon by George Méliès, 3-minute film
1899: NOVEL When the Sleeper Wakes by H.G. Wells

1901: NOVELs The First Men in the Moon by H.G. Wells; The Purple Cloud by M.P.Shiel
_____ FILM The Over-Incubated Baby by Walter Booth, a 1-minute film
_____ PLAY the Scarlet Pimpernel by Baroness Orczy runs on the London stage for 4 years
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